On Chain Analysis: A Comprehensive Guide

As the world of cryptocurrency continues to grow and evolve, it is becoming increasingly important for investors and traders to have a solid understanding of the metrics used to track performance and identify trends.


On-chain analysis is a strategy that leverages public data on the blockchain. It’s an emerging field unique to the cryptocurrency space, with traders using it to predict market moves better, understand user behavior, and gauge market sentiment. Investors and traders can better understand market trends and make more informed investment decisions by analyzing data such as transaction volume and count, Hold Status, and active addresses.


In this guide, we will explore the concept of on-chain metrics in the crypto world and provide an overview of some of the most important metrics to track. Whether you are a seasoned trader or just starting to explore the world of cryptocurrency, this post will provide valuable insights into the key on-chain metrics that can help you make better trading decisions.


How to Do On-Chain Analysis


On-chain analysis typically uses data from blockchain explorers - software for visualizing blocks, transactions, and blockchain network metrics. Today there are on-chain analytical companies such as Nansen that provide traders and investors with extensive data tools to help traders with this information.


In simple terms, on-chain analysis involves identifying patterns, trends, and correlations on the blockchain and turning them into actionable moves for traders and investors. This type of analysis can include identifying wallet activity and transactions across a blockchain or type of cryptocurrency.


For example, one strategy traders use is called “Whale Watching” which refers to studying the behavior of large wallets. The belief is that these types of prominent players have more insight into market news ahead of retail traders.


Examples of On-Chain Metrics to Understand


Transaction Count

Transaction count in crypto refers to the total number of transactions occurring on a specific blockchain or cryptocurrency network within a given period. Each transaction involves the transfer of cryptocurrency units between two or more addresses on the network and is recorded on the blockchain as a new block.


Transaction count is an essential metric in crypto because it provides insight into a particular cryptocurrency network's activity level and usage. High transaction counts could indicate a growing adoption and popularity of a cryptocurrency, while low transaction counts may suggest a lack of interest or activity on the network.


Transaction counts can also be used to track the growth and development of a cryptocurrency over time. For example, if a cryptocurrency's transaction count is increasing steadily over several months, it may be a sign that it is gaining traction and attracting more users.


Transaction Value

Transaction value in crypto refers to the total value of all the cryptocurrency units transferred between two or more addresses on a specific blockchain or cryptocurrency network within a given time period. It represents the total amount of a cryptocurrency exchanged in a set of transactions.


Transaction value is an essential metric in crypto because it provides insight into the economic activity of a particular cryptocurrency network. It can be used to measure the demand for a specific cryptocurrency and assess the network's overall health.


Traders and investors may use transaction value data to inform their trading decisions, as higher transaction values suggest increased demand for a cryptocurrency and potentially higher prices in the future. However, it's important to note that transaction value is just one of many factors that can affect the price of a cryptocurrency and should be used in conjunction with other forms of analysis, such as technical analysis and market sentiment.


It's also worth noting that transaction value can vary widely depending on the cryptocurrency used. For example, the transaction value of Bitcoin may be significantly higher than that of a smaller altcoin, even if the altcoin has a higher transaction count. As such, it's important to consider transaction value in the context of the specific cryptocurrency being analyzed.


Hold Status

The HODL wave in crypto refers to tracking the activity of long-term holders of a particular cryptocurrency. HODL stands for "hold on for dear life," a term used in the crypto community to describe a strategy of holding onto a cryptocurrency for the long term, regardless of short-term price fluctuations.


The HODL wave is a visualization of the percentage of the circulating supply of a particular cryptocurrency held for a specific time. The idea is to show how many holders hold onto their cryptocurrency for the long term and how many sell or trade it in the short term.


For example, a HODL wave chart for Bitcoin might show that a large percentage of the circulating supply has been held for over a year, indicating that many investors are holding onto their Bitcoin for the long term. Conversely, if the chart shows a large percentage of the circulating supply has been held for less than a month, it may indicate that more investors and traders are selling or trading their Bitcoin in the short term.


Number of Active Addresses


The number of active addresses in crypto refers to the number of unique addresses that have participated in transactions on a particular blockchain or cryptocurrency network during a specified time period. An active address is one that has either sent or received cryptocurrency in a given time frame, such as a day, a week, or a month.


The number of active addresses is often used to indicate the level of activity and engagement on a particular cryptocurrency network. It can provide insight into the number of unique individuals or entities actively using a particular cryptocurrency, and can be used to track changes in adoption and usage over time.


A high number of active addresses on a cryptocurrency network can indicate a high level of adoption and usage of the cryptocurrency and may suggest growing interest and demand. Conversely, a low number of active addresses may indicate declining usage and adoption of the cryptocurrency, and may signal a lack of interest or a shift in market sentiment.


It's important to note that the number of active addresses can vary widely between different cryptocurrencies, as some may have larger user bases or higher adoption rates than others. Therefore, the number of active addresses should be used in conjunction with other metrics, such as transaction volume and market capitalization, to gain a comprehensive understanding of the health and performance of a particular cryptocurrency.




On-chain analysis provides crypto traders with a fascinating tool to delve into the real-time insights of a blockchain network. A basic understanding of the types of on-chain metrics mentioned in this article will provide you with more tools and insights for your trading strategy to help you achieve your trading goals.


It’s important to note that not one metric alone will guarantee success, and the best crypto traders understand how to leverage on-chain metrics and other analyses into their trading strategy to maximize profits.


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